Fences

  • Grades
  • Sizes
  • Specifications
  • Surface Textures
  • Prebuilt Panels
  • Lattice

Western Red Cedar Fencing – General Info

 

Architect Clear®

Intended for applications where the finest appearance is desired. Posts are manufactured to a strict standard which restricts all natural characteristics that may detract from the fine appearance. Grading Rule Paragraph  WRCLA Product Standard

Architect Knotty®

Specified when knotty posts of the best quality are desired. The standard requires sound and tight knots, prohibits wane and holes, and limits heart centers. Other characteristics are limited so as not to detract from the appearance. Grading Rule Paragraph  WRCLA Product Standard

Custom Knotty®

Combines good looks and budgetary value for the cost- conscious builder. The standard does not permit holes and limits heart centers. Wane and unsound knots are highly restricted. Grading Rule Paragraph WRCLA Product Standard

Standard and Better

Commonly used for general fence construction where structural characteristics are more important than appearance. This grade permits a range characteristics that meet the service requirements for fencing. Grading Rule Paragraph 4″ (102mm) NLGA 122 b,c WCLIB 122 b,c WWPA 40.11.12 6″ (152mm) NLGA 131 a,b,c WCLIB 131 a,b,c

NLGA ­ National Lumber Grades Authority WCLIB ­ West Coast Lumber Inspection Bureau WWPA ­ Western Wood Products Association

Fence Posts

The most common sizes of fence posts are 4″x4″ and 6″x6″ either rough sawn or dressed (see below).

Thickness and Width
Nominal (inches)Nominal (mm)Rough (inches)Rough (mm)Dressed (inches)Dressed (mm)
41023-3/41013-9/1690
61525-3/41465-1/2140

Fence Rails

The most common sizes of cedar fence rails are 2″x4″ and 2″x6″ (See below).

Thickness and Width
Nominal (inches)Nominal (mm)Rough (inches)Rough (mm)Dressed (inches)Dressed (mm)
2511-3/4441-9/1640
41023-3/41013-9/1690
61525-3/41465-1/2140

cedar-fencesFence Boards

You have a wide selection of Western Red Cedar fence boards to choose from. There are Clear and Knotty grades with smooth or rough textured surfaces and a range of plain or patterned top boards. These products meet the quality specifications of published grading rules or the product standards of the Western Red Cedar Lumber Association. The association’s standards have been developed to meet consumer’s expectations for products of structural integrity and appearance appropriate to the product’s end use. If preferred, you can purchase pre-cut patterned fence boards with round, pointed, dog-eared, spearhead or gothic tops; latticework panels; and pre-assembled solid and lattice-work fencing sections from most building supply dealers.

Fence Posts

LA00221012Western Red Cedar posts are available in Clear and Knotty product standards. Clear posts have a limited number of natural characteristics and should be specified when you want fence posts of the finest appearance. For a more casual, rustic fence, specify Knotty posts. The different surface textures of the wood are summarized following:

Saw Textured

The saw textured surface, obtained during the milling process which uses either circular or band saws, is present on all four sides.

Rougher Headed

The lumber receives its texture from a milling process which uses roughened planer knives. The rough texture is clearly visible on all four sides.

Surfaced Four Sides (S4S)

The smooth surface on all four sides presents a uniformly sized product with a high quality appearance.

Fence Rails

Western Red Cedar lumber for fence rails is available in a range of sizes in Clear and Knotty product standards or grades. You also have a choice or rough or surfaced textures. The different surface textures of the wood are summarized following:

Saw Textured

The textured surface, obtained during the milling process which uses either circular or band saws, present on all four sides.

Rougher Headed

The lumber receives its texture from a milling process which uses roughened planer knives. The rough texture is clearly visible on all four sides.

Surfaced Four Sides (S4S)

The smooth surface on all four sides presents a uniformly sized product with a high quality appearance. If you want surfaced four sides (S4S) fence rails, you may also consider specifying WRCLA Decking Product Standards Architect Clear, Custom Clear, Architect Knotty or Custom Knotty.

Fence Boards

Surfaced Four Sides (S4S)

LA00221009The smooth surface on all four sides presents a uniformly sized product with a high quality appearance. It should be specified when you want an elegant fence with smooth surfaces and construction elements of symmetrical proportions.

Surfaced One Side, Two Edges (S1S2E)

This popular product lets you build a fence with either the rough sawn or surfaced face exposed to your view. The surfacing process provides uniform width and thickness tolerances.

Rough Sawn/Rougher Headed

The lumber receives its texture from a milling process which uses either circular or band saws or roughened planer knives. The rough texture is clearly visible on all four sides. Rough lumber would be your best choice for a rustic style fence.

Prebuilt Cedar Panels

LA00257013Cedar fences of many styles are available in pre-built panels from 3 ft to 6 ft high (0.9m-1.8m). The boards may be plain, V-jointed tongue and groove, or channel patterns. Construction is usually 2″x4″ (51mm x 102mm) rails and 1″x6″ (25mm x 152mm) boards. Boards are usually butted tightly together but panels with spaced boards are also available. These time-saving fence sections are sold by the panel. You are advised to carefully examine fence panels to ensure that they are built from suitable quality cedar boards and are sturdily assembled with corrosion-resistant fasteners. When using pre-built fence panels it is important that you check the dimensions before installation. Good practice is to set posts and panels one at a time rather than pre-setting all posts.

Cedar Lattice Panels

LA00237003Cedar lattice panels are an alternative or an addition to a solid cedar board fence. Rough or smooth-sawn lattice is available pre-built in a choice of square or diagonal patterns in modular sizes to match the most common prebuilt fence panels and post spacings. A lattice fence offers less wind resistance than a solid fence and allows sunlight into shady garden areas. The degree of privacy is governed by the obscurity ratio of the latticework. Clear cedar lattice is one popular option but lattice manufactured from cedar with sound tight knots is both economical and good quality. Lattice made from 1″x2″ (25mm x 51mm) cedar is more sturdy and lasts longer than panels made from lath. When purchasing lattice, you should make sure that it is well-manufactured from good quality cedar of adequate thickness and that it has been correctly assembled. Heavier lattice panels are usually assembled with staples only and require no perimeter framing. Thinner lath lattice may be assembled with exterior-type glue and/or with staples. Lath lattice should be framed around its perimeter. The better quality lath lattice is stapled such that the crown of the staple is flush or counter-sunk in the wood and the points of the staple do not penetrate the face of the panel.